China is the country with the largest number of elevators in the world. Beijing's urban construction started early and developed rapidly, and the phenomenon of “ageing” elevators has become increasingly prominent. Due to the lack of funds, some old elevators are difficult to get updated, rebuilt, and repaired. They have become the “oldest” problem that plagues the safety of elevators. What are the conditions for the withdrawal of special maintenance funds for housing? What is the remedy for the "three no" elevators with unclear property rights, insufficient funds, and loss of property? The reporter conducted an in-depth interview.
In recent years, with the rapid increase in the number of elevators in various cities across the country, elevator accidents have caused personnel trapped and injuries have occurred. As of July 2015, the quality supervision departments at all levels across the country have investigated and collected 82,000 sets of old elevators over 15 years old. They urged the use and maintenance units to check the 2.369 million elevators and discovered 111,000 elevators. Among them, 79,000 units have been rectified and 5697 units have been discontinued.
As of the end of 2015, of the 94,000 residential elevators in Beijing, the total number of use-use elevators accounted for 27.6% of the total for more than 10 years, and 4,877 of which used the service life of more than 15 years. Due to the age, it was very difficult to purchase matching parts. In addition, the level of maintenance was uneven, and some old residential elevators continued to suffer problems. This made it very distressing for the residents living in the buildings. According to the data, of the 3053 old residential elevators that were included in the high-risk assessment range in Beijing in 2015, only 171 were operating normally, and another 2,882 had potential safety problems.
According to Feng Baoqi, Director of the Special Equipment Safety Supervision Department of the Beijing Bureau of Quality Supervision, in 2015, complaints regarding special equipment received by the Beijing Bureau of Quality Supervision and Control reported 4622 complaints about elevators, accounting for 97.5% of the total number of complaints.
Insufficient funds for reconstruction of old residential elevators
The difficulty of retrofitting elevators in old residential areas is often stuck on expenses.
Located in Jinghuayuan Community, Majiabao East Road, Fengtai District, Beijing, 4 lifts have been suspended for more than five months due to unsatisfactory annual inspections, which has caused great inconvenience to residents.
There are 4 elevators in the two buildings of the residential buildings No. 92 and No. 96. The "age" is more than 15 years. The annual inspection found that the above-mentioned two parts had problems. The quality inspection department ordered the ladder to be rectified. To repair the two elevators, it was necessary to replace five items of equipment such as steel wire ropes. The replacement of these five equipment was an overhaul and a public maintenance fund should be used.
In accordance with the regulations, the property owners must sign and agree with more than two-thirds of the property owners' rights to start a public maintenance fund. However, although the residential property passed various forms of notification to the owner to apply for the signature of the public maintenance fund, the signing progress was not satisfactory. After dragging on for five months, it finally gathered two-thirds of the owners' signatures.
The reasons for not signing are also different. Some low-rise tenants feel that they do not need to use elevators. Some think that property should be used for money and should not use public funds. Only those who live at high levels, especially some old households, will sign and compare. actively.
In fact, the situation in Jinghuayuan Community is not the worst. Although the use of public maintenance funds is in trouble, there is still hope. “It is even more troublesome that some old districts do not have enough funds for public funds or they will not have public funds.” said Wang Xiaolun, who is in charge of elevator monitoring at the Special Branch of the Beijing Bureau of Quality Supervision.
Chen Hui, deputy director of the special department of the Beijing Bureau of Quality Supervision, said, “Overall, the problem of insufficiency in funding for upgrading and repairing residential elevators is very prominent, leading to the failure of timely and effective solution to the safety problems of residential elevators, and the people’s response is strong.”
"Three no elevators" have special funds for transformation
“Great! We have replaced the new elevator!” Not long ago, the reporter went to the Yushuyuan Community. The 20 new lifts of the 9 relocated buildings have all been put into operation.
The residents of Yushuyuan Community were able to take a new elevator, which originated from a new mechanism set up by Beijing: “Three No Elevators” Government Relief Mechanism – Elevators with unclear property rights, insufficient funds, and property loss In order to incorporate the government's “doing things for the people” task, all district and county governments are required to establish a relief system and adopt financial subsidies to eliminate potential safety hazards.
How does this mechanism work? Li Zhicheng, deputy director of the Quality Supervision Bureau of Xicheng District, introduced that the quality supervision department first took the lead in investigating the use of elevators in the old districts, determined the scope of the renovation, and then worked out the work plan. After the government approved the funds, the district finance bureau will arrange the funds. The district real estate center and Xuanfang Investment Management Co., Ltd. shall organize the bidding and construction, and after completion, the district quality supervision bureau shall organize the relevant technical agencies to carry out inspection and acceptance.
In 2015, Xicheng District invested RMB 23.39 million to update 61 old elevators for the old district. The reporter saw the community in the plains, where all 8 buildings have been replaced by new elevators, stainless steel cars are very bright, and the car floor is also paved with non-slip marble. Jin Jianyong, the manager of the Xuanfang company responsible for the elevator replacement project, introduced that the elevators are now implementing new technical standards, with stricter indicators and higher levels of safety.
Chen Hui introduced that not only Xicheng District, as of the end of December 2015, Beijing has renovated 4,453 residential elevators. All government districts and counties in Beijing have fully established the “three non-elevator” government relief mechanism, which has made it possible to renovate and upgrade elevators.
Elevator failure threatens personal safety and direct use of maintenance funds
In addition to the comprehensive establishment of the "three no elevators" government relief mechanism, Beijing is also the first in the country to open up emergency housing access to emergency maintenance funds - "elevator failure endangering personal safety" and other six kinds of emergency situations that endanger the safety of housing, no longer need to " Double 2/3 owners agreed to start the green channel, which means that maintenance funds will be used directly for elevator repairs to eliminate elevator safety hazards.
How fast is the green channel? From application to approval, to transfer, all three steps are accelerated. “As long as the formalities are complete, public funds will be able to arrive in the fastest two days. If the accuracy is calculated, it will be 48 hours.” The relevant person in charge of the Beijing Municipal Housing and Construction Commission introduced that in 2015 the city’s special maintenance funds for commercial housing were used for elevator maintenance 210 million. Yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.1%.
In addition, in Beijing, the city’s public transport, shopping malls, schools, hospitals and other public places elevators with clear responsibility, but with high operational risks, are led by the municipal quality supervision bureau and organized technical institutions to carry out risk assessments for elevators in public places. The competent department of the industry shall be supervised by the competent department of the industry to implement the rectification fund for safety hazards.
According to Wang Xiaolun, who is in charge of elevator monitoring at the special supervision department of the Beijing Bureau of Quality Supervision, this year Beijing will incorporate the implementation of the special maintenance fund system for the maintenance and repair of elevators in all districts and counties into the government's comprehensive governance assessment, in order to urge district and county governments to strengthen their work on elevator safety. Organization leadership.
However, it is not enough to speed up the upgrading of old elevators and rely on the government's efforts. Chen Gang, a member of the Standing Committee of the Beijing Municipal Committee and deputy mayor, disclosed at this year’s two sessions in Beijing that there are 100 million square meters of old districts in the city, and the public maintenance fund for accounts can only reach 200 million yuan, but upgrading elevators alone may require several billions. On the one hand, it is necessary to strengthen government responsibilities. On the other hand, we must also use the power of society. Chen Hui introduced that this year Beijing will launch an update on the old residential elevator PPP model research, try to introduce social capital and the use of financial leasing and other innovative means to fundamentally solve the old residential elevator upgrades and existing homes to increase the elevator funding problems.
This paper Tags: Old age elevators Pension Beijing Innovation mechanism