After a certain community in Hangzhou landed in March 2017, as the first batch of households successively moved in, one after another owners responded to the problem of elevator failure: stopping the ladder, no signal, or even a slide. The reporter took the elevator and found that it was buzzing. According to the property personnel, the district has not completed one year of housing delivery, and has handled more than 80 lift failures and 19 slides. The new tenants did not dare to stay, and the owners who had already lived lived a life of fear every day, saying that “all the courage to take a person in the elevator”.
In less than one year after the lodging, the occupancy time was even shorter. There were as many as 80 lifts in the residential area and there were more than 80 records of repairs. The frequency of such horror was no wonder the parties were afraid. In addition, the incidents of "deadlift" and "elevator" have occurred from time to time in recent years, which has led people to pay more and more attention to how to protect elevator safety.
According to the "Special Equipment Safety Law" implemented in 2014, elevators belong to special equipment, their production (including design, manufacture, installation, renovation, repair), operation, use, inspection, inspection and supervision and management of special equipment safety, etc. All are legally included in the safety supervision of special equipment. As for elevator production and manufacturing, this law, together with the mandatory standards stipulated by the state, has been meticulously detailed to the part size and function parameters. Therefore, from the perspective of laws and regulations, the quality of elevators produced by regular manufacturers should have relatively complete protection.
However, the elevator is a very complex electromechanical device. It is composed of many complicated components and the installation environment is also different. It may be due to an accidental installation of a small device or lack of maintenance during operation. Therefore, some experts pointed out that the safety of elevators depends on “three-division construction and seven-point cultivation”. Improper use and lack of maintenance can easily lead to accidents.
The daily inspection and maintenance of elevators, the "Special Equipment Safety Law" and the "Regulations on the use and maintenance of elevators" promulgated by the State Administration of Quality Supervision, have also stipulated relevant contents. For example, the elevators should be supervised and regularly inspected by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine every year. The procedure, do a regular inspection. The elevator use management unit should hand over the maintenance work to a qualified professional company, which is divided into half-month, quarter-year, half-year and year-to-year degrees of maintenance.
For the residential community, the elevator use management unit is the property company. They are responsible for the selection and supervision of the maintenance company. However, it is clear that the property must have cost control considerations in the selection process, and it is difficult to have high quality at low prices. How to ensure the frequency and quality of daily maintenance and the speed and strength of emergency rescue? The annual quality inspection, whether it can be found from the annual elevator warranty records lack of maintenance? Does the elevator have to work in an “asynia” job? In reality, the property itself also has problems such as low business level and large mobility of personnel. Its ability to supervise elevator maintenance companies is also limited, and the ability of maintenance companies is also uneven, which makes it difficult to implement the main responsibility of management.
Obviously, compared with the strict legal standards of elevator production, daily supervision and the insecurity of the people are somewhat out of proportion. Therefore, the daily maintenance and supervision work needs to further refine the legal provisions. At the same time, since elevators rely on “seven-point support” for security, the regulatory responsibility for daily maintenance cannot be entirely attributed to the property company. Industry authorities, comprehensive supervision agencies, and territorial governments should all shoulder their responsibilities and should strengthen their professionalism in the early stages. To ensure market access control, in the mid-term to strengthen supervision of elevator maintenance, in order to minimize the accident of elevator operation.
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